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[推荐]复试必备——法律相关词汇

 
wyl_198471 退休版主 发表于 2006-9-20 14:52:00 查看:1318 回复:3 |阅读模式

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<strong>复试必备——法律相关词汇</strong>
        <div><p>draft 法案,草案<br/>Government bill 政府议案<br/>to pass a bill, to carry a bill 通过议案<br/>to enact a law, to promulgate a law 颁布法律<br/>ratification, confirmation 批准<br/>law enforcement 法律的实施<br/>to come into force 生效<br/>decree 法令<br/>clause 条款<br/>minutes 备忘录<br/>report 判例汇编<br/>codification 法律汇编<br/>legislation 立法<br/>legislator 立法者<br/>jurist 法学家<br/>jurisprudence 法学<br/>legitimation 合法化<br/>legality, lawfulness 法制,合法<br/>legal, lawful 合法的,依法的<br/>to contravene a law, to infringe a law, to break a law 违法<br/>outlaw, outside the law 超出法律范围的<br/>offender 罪犯<br/>to abolish 废止,取消<br/>rescission, annulment 废除,取消<br/>repeal, revocation, annulment 废除(法律)<br/>cancellation, annulment, invalidation 废除(合同)<br/>cancellation (支票)作废<br/>annulment 撤消(遗嘱)<br/>repeal rescission 撤消(判决)<br/>revocation 撤消<br/>immunity 豁免,豁免权<br/>disability, legal incapacity 无资格<br/>nonretroactive character 不溯既往性<br/>prescription 剥夺公权<br/>attainder 公民权利的剥夺和财产的没收<br/>constitutional law 宪法<br/>canon law 教会法规<br/>common law 习惯法<br/>criminal law 刑法<br/>administrative law 行政法<br/>civil law 民法<br/>commercial law, mercantile law 商法<br/>law of nations 万国公法,国际法<br/>international law 国际法<br/>natural law 自然法<br/>labour laws 劳工法<br/>fiscal law 财政法<br/>Civil Suit Law, Code of civil law 民事诉讼法<br/>Criminal Law 刑事诉讼法<br/>Military Law 军法<br/>Conscript Law 兵役法<br/>Copyright Law 著作权法<br/>penal code 刑法典<br/>code of mercantile law 商法典<br/>civil rights 民事权利,公民权利<br/>right of asylum 避难权<br/>human rights, rights of man 人权<br/>(customs) duties 关税<br/>death duty, death tax 遗产税<br/>royalties 版税</p></div>
 楼主 wyl_198471 退休版主 发表于 2006-9-20 14:52:00
<table cellspacing="6" cellpadding="0" width="100%" border="0"><tbody><tr><td class="content"><div align="center"><b>汉英对照法律专业词汇(民商事通用语)</b></div></td></tr></tbody></table><br/>1、&nbsp;&nbsp;民法通则: General Principles of the Civil Law<br/>2、&nbsp;&nbsp;民事权益:civil rights and interests<br/>3、&nbsp;&nbsp;平等主体:civil subjects with equal status<br/>4、&nbsp;&nbsp;财产关系和人身关系:property relationships and personal relationships<br/>5、&nbsp;&nbsp;等价有偿:making compensation for equal value<br/>6、&nbsp;&nbsp;诚实信用:honesty and credibility<br/>7、&nbsp;&nbsp;适用中国法律:be governed by the law of PRC (The law of PRC shall apply to)<br/>8、&nbsp;&nbsp;法律另有规定:otherwise stipulated by law<br/>9、&nbsp;&nbsp;无国籍人:stateless persons<br/>10、 民事权利能力:the capacity for civil rights<br/>11、 完全民事权利能力:full capacity for civil conduct<br/>12、 限制民事行为能力人:a person with limited capacity for civil conduct<br/>13、 无民事行为能力人:a person having no capacity for civil conduct<br/>14、 法定代理人: agent ad litem<br/>15、 代理民事活动:be represented in civil activities by<br/>16、 监护人:guardian<br/>17、 户籍所在地:the place where his residence is registered<br/>18、 住所:domicile<br/>19、 经常居住地:habitual residence<br/>20、 居民委员会:the neighborhood committee<br/>21、 村民委员会:the village committee<br/>22、 民政部门:the civil affairs department<br/>23、 履行监护职责:fulfill duty of guardianship<br/>24、 承担责任:be held responsible<br/>25、 造成财产损失:cause any property loss<br/>26、 宣告为无(限制)民事行为能力人:declare … to be a person to be without or with limited capacity for civil conduct<br/>27、 下落不明 one’s whereabouts have been unknown<br/>28、 个体工商户:individual businesses<br/>29、 农村承包经营户:leaseholding farm households<br/>30、 个人合伙:individual partnership<br/>31、 合伙人:partnerss<br/>32、 承担民事责任:bear civil liability for <br/>33、 按照出资比例:in proportion to one’s respective contributions to the investment<br/>34、 承担连带责任:undertake joint liability for <br/>35、 追偿:claim compensation from <br/>36、 法人: legal person<br/>37、 法人组织章程:the articles of association of the legal person<br/>38、 主要办事机构:the main administrative office<br/>39、 全民所有制企业:an enterprise owned by the whole people<br/>40、 集体所有制企业:an enterprise under collective ownership<br/>41、 经主管机关核准登记:approved and registered by the competent authority<br/>42、 工商行政管理机关:the administrative agency for industry and commerce<br/>43、 核准登记的经营范围:within the range approved and registered<br/>44、 企业法人分立、合并:the division and merger of an enterprise as legal person<br/>45、 权利和义务:the rights and obligations<br/>46、 办理注销登记:cancel the registration<br/>47、 企业法人解散:disbanding of an enterprise as legal person<br/>48、 企业法人被撤销:the dissolution of an enterprise as legal person<br/>49、 事业单位:institution<br/>50、 社会团体:social organization<br/>51、 经济实体:economic entity<br/>52、 取得法人资格:be qualified as a legal person<br/>53、 意思表示真实:the intention expressed is genuine<br/>54、 擅自变更或者解除(民事法律行为):alter or rescind one’s act arbitrarily<br/>55、 以欺诈、胁迫的手段:as a result of cheating or coercion<br/>56、 乘人之危:take advantage of one’s unfavorable position<br/>57、 以合法形式掩盖非法目的:perform under the guise of legitimate acts which conceal illegitimate purposes<br/>58、 具有法律约束力:be legally binding<br/>59、 请求人民法院或者仲裁机关予以变更:request a people’s court or an arbitration agency to alter<br/>60、 恶意串通:conspire maliciously<br/>61、 有过错的一方:the erring party<br/>62、 附条件的民事法律行为:conditional civil juristic acts<br/>63、 委托代理:entrusted agency<br/>64、 法定代理:statutory agency<br/>65、 指定代理:appointed agency<br/>66、 委托代理人:an entrusted agent<br/>67、 被代理人:the principal<br/>68、 行使代理权:exercise the power of agency<br/>69、 采用书面形式:in writing<br/>70、 超越代理权:beyond the scope of one’s power of agency<br/>71、 代理权终止:the expiration of one’s power of agency<br/>72、 本人名义:in one’s name<br/>73、 查封、扣押、冻结、没收:seize, encroach upon, privately divide, destroy or illegally seal up, distrain, freeze or confiscate<br/>74、 财产继承权:the right of inheritance<br/>75、 优先购买的权利:a right of pre-emption<br/>76、 埋藏物、隐藏物:buried or concealed object<br/>77、 遗失物、漂流物:lost-and-found objects, flotsam<br/>78、 买卖、出租、抵押、转让:be sold, leased, mortgaged or transferred<br/>79、 设立、变更、终止民事关系:establish, change or terminate civil relationship<br/>80、 按照确定的份额分享权力:be entitled to rights in proportion to his proper share of the credit<br/>81、 按照确定的份额分担义务:assume obligations in proportion to his proper share of the debt<br/>82、 享有连带权利的每个债权人:each of the joint creditors <br/>83、 负有连带义务的每个债务人:each of the joint debtors<br/>84、 有权向债务人追偿:have the right to claim repayment from the debtor<br/>85、 提供一定的财产作为抵押物:offer a specific property as a pledge<br/>86、 以抵押物折价或者以变卖抵押物的价款优先得到偿还:to keep the pledge to offset the debt or have priority in satisfying his claim out of the proceeds from the sale of the pledge<br/>87、 给付定金:leave a deposit with the other party<br/>88、 双倍返还定金:repay the deposit in double<br/>89、 占有人有权留置该财产:the possessor shall have a lien on the property<br/>90、 将合同的权利、义务全部或部分转让给第三人:transfer all or part of its contractual rights or obligations to a third party<br/>91、 取得不当得利:profits acquired improperly and without a lawful basis<br/>92、 无因管理:act as manager or provide services in order to protect another person’s interests when he is not legally or contractually obligated to do so
 楼主 wyl_198471 退休版主 发表于 2006-9-20 14:53:00
<p><b>汉英对照分类法律词汇(刑法学、行政法学)</b></p><p>帮助当事人毁灭、伪造证据罪 crime of aiding a client to destroy or forge evidence<br/>绑架妇女儿童罪 crime of kidnapping women and children<br/>包庇、纵容黑社会性质组织罪 crime of harboring a mafia-style syndicate<br/>包庇毒品犯罪分子罪 crime of harboring drug criminals<br/>报复陷害罪case of retaliation and frame-ups<br/>必要共同犯罪 indispensable joint crime<br/>并科原则 doctrine of cumulating punishments<br/>剥夺权利deprival of rights<br/>不能犯 impossibility; unrealized offense<br/>参加恐怖活动组织罪 crime of taking part in an organization engaged in terrorist activities<br/>超越管辖权 excess of jurisdiction<br/>超越职权范围 overstep one’s authority<br/>惩办和宽大相结合combine punishment with leniency<br/>惩办少数、改造多数的原则 principle of punishing the few and reforming the many<br/>惩罚措施 punitive measure<br/>惩罚性制裁 punitive sanction<br/>惩罚与教育相结合 combination of punishment and education<br/>处以刑罚 inflict punishment<br/>处以有期徒刑 sentence to fixed-term imprisonment<br/>触犯法律 break the law; violate the law<br/>抽逃出资罪 crime of flight of capital contribution<br/>抽象行政行为 abstract administrative act<br/>出口骗税犯罪活动 criminal activities of cheating out of tax rebates in export<br/>出售伪造发票罪 crime of selling counterfeit currency<br/>出于对法律的无知 from ignorance of law<br/>出于恶意 from malevolence<br/>从轻处罚 gie a lesser punishment<br/>从重处罚 give a severer punishment<br/>单位受贿罪 crime of bribe taken by a unit<br/>单一犯罪构成 single constitution of crime<br/>盗伐林木罪 crime of illegally chopping down trees; crime of illegally felling trees<br/>盗窃、抢夺枪支、弹药、爆炸物罪 crime of stealing or seizing guns, ammunition or explosives<br/>盗窃犯 theft act; larcenist<br/>渎职犯罪案件case of dereliction of duty<br/>对象不能犯 object impossibility<br/>多次作案 repeatedly commit crimes<br/>罚不当罪 punishment does not fit the crime<br/>犯意 criminal intent; mens real<br/>犯罪低龄化 lowering ages of criminal offenders<br/>犯罪动机 criminal motive<br/>犯罪构成 constitution of a crime; constitutive elements of a crime<br/>犯罪构成要件 special constitutive elements of crime<br/>犯罪故意 criminal intent; guilty intent; meas rea<br/>犯罪集团 criminal gang; criminal group<br/>犯罪客观要件 objective circumstances of a crime<br/>犯罪客体 criminal object; object of a crime<br/>犯罪实行终了 completion of a criminal act<br/>犯罪学 criminology<br/>犯罪预防 crime prevention<br/>犯罪中止 discontinuance of crime; desistance of crime<br/>犯罪主观方面要素 subjective elements of crime<br/>犯罪主体 subject of crime<br/>犯罪着手 initiate a crime<br/>犯罪组织 criminal organization<br/>贩卖毒品罪 drug offense; crime of drug trafficking<br/>防卫过当 unjustifiable self-defense<br/>防卫挑拨 instigation of defense; provocation of defense<br/>防卫限度 limit of defense<br/>防止类似事件重演 prevent the recurrence of similar incidents<br/>妨碍公务罪 crime of disrupting public service<br/>妨害公共安全罪 crime of impairing public security<br/>放弃权利 withdraw a claim; waive a right<br/>非法持、私藏枪支、弹药罪 crime of illegally holding or hiding a firearm or ammunition<br/>非法持有毒品罪 crime of illegally holding drugs<br/>非法干涉 illegal intervention<br/>非法干预 unlawful interference<br/>非法出售增值税专用发票罪 crime of illegal selling invoice for exclusive use of VAT<br/>非法活动 unlawful activities<br/>非法利益 unlawful interests<br/>非法手段 illegal means<br/>非强制性行政行为 non-coercive form of administrative action<br/>非正式的 informal; irregular<br/>非政府机关 non-governmental organization<br/>非主要条件 non-essential stipulation<br/>非专业的 non-professional<br/>诽谤罪 crime of defamation<br/>隔地犯 offense of segregation by location<br/>隔时犯 offense of segregation by time<br/>工具不能犯 impossibility of instruments<br/>故意犯罪 calculated crime; intentional crime<br/>故意杀人罪 crime of intentional homicide<br/>故意伤害罪 crime of willful and malicious injury<br/>管辖:jurisdiction<br/>惯犯 habitual criminal<br/>惯例 custom and usage<br/>过失犯罪 criminal negligence; involuntary crime; negligent crime<br/>国家赔偿案件 case of state compensation<br/>国家赔偿的归责原则 principle of culpability for state compensation<br/>国家赔偿的双重过错原则 principle of dual faults for state compensation<br/>国家赔偿法 state compensation law<br/>国家赔偿主体 subject of state compensation<br/>国家权力机关 state authority<br/>国际审判机关 state judicial organs<br/>国家行政机关 state administrative organs<br/>国家意志 state’s will<br/>国家职能 function of the state<br/>国民待遇 national treatment<br/>黑社会性质的犯罪集团 gangland criminal syndicate; mafia-style criminal gang<br/>缓期二年执行 with a two-year reprieve<br/>缓刑 probate cessat executio<br/>集合犯 aggregate offense; collective offense<br/>既遂犯 accomplished crime<br/>继承法 inheritance law<br/>继续犯 continuous crime<br/>加重处罚 give an aggravated punishment beyond the maximum prescribed<br/>假冒他人注册商标罪 crime of counterfeiting the registered trademark of another<br/>假释 parole<br/>假想防卫 imaginative defense<br/>假想数罪 imaginatively several crimes<br/>简单共同犯罪 simple joint crime<br/>间接故意 indirect intent; indirect iintentino<br/>教唆未遂 attempt of solicitation<br/>劫持船只、汽车罪 crime of hijacking a ship or an automobile<br/>劫持航空器罪 crime of skyjacking<br/>结果犯 consequential offen<br/>结果加重犯 aggregated consequential offense<br/>结合犯 combinative crime; integrated offense se<br/>拒不执行人民法院判决、裁定罪 crime of refusing o execute judgments or orders of the People’s Court<br/>具结悔过 make a statement of repentence<br/>具体行政行为 specific administrative act<br/>具体罪名concrete accusation<br/>绝对不确定法定刑 absolutely indeterminate statutory punishment<br/>军人违反职责罪 crimes of soldiers violating military dutie<br/>抗税罪 offense of resisting taxes<br/>客体不能犯 object impossibility<br/>空白罪状 blank facts about a crime<br/>滥伐林木罪 crime of illegal denudation <br/>累犯 recidivist; repeat offender; cumulative offense<br/>连续犯罪 continuing crime<br/>量刑 criterion for sentencing; sentencing criterion<br/>量刑不当 criterion for sentence<br/>量刑幅度 extent for discretionary action of sentencing<br/>虐待罪 crime of abusing member of one’s family<br/>挪用公款案 case of misappropriation of public funds<br/>偶犯 casual offender; casual offense<br/>情节加重犯 aggravated offense by circumstances<br/>情节特别严重 when the circumstances are particularly wicked<br/>情节严重、构成犯罪的 when the circumstances are so serious as to constitute a crime<br/>取保候审 post a bail and await trial with restricted liberty of moving<br/>扰乱公共场所秩序罪 crime of disturbing order at public places<br/>刑法 criminal law<br/>刑罚 penalty; punishment<br/>刑事责任能力 criminal capacity<br/>行政法 administrative law; executive law<br/>行政法规 administrative laws and regulations<br/>行政法学 administrative jurisprudence<br/>行政解释 administrative interpretation<br/>行政救济 administrative remedy<br/>预防犯罪 anti-crime<br/>治安管理 security administration<br/>治安条例 security regulations</p>
15142873434 学法1级 发表于 2017-9-13 16:45:43
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