yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:45:00

[推荐]劳动法笔记1

<span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法上劳动的特征:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法上的劳动,一般是人们在争取与实现劳动权过程中的劳动,如劳动就业法律保障是劳动法的重要内容</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">}(2)&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法上的劳动是有偿性劳动,它区别于无偿的义务性劳动;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法上的劳动关系双方具有管理与被管理的关系。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法渊源表现的形式:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">宪法中的有关规定。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">法律。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">行政法规。是指国务院制定的规范性文件。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">部门规章。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">其他法律规范中有关劳动问题的规定。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(6)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">地方性法规和经济特区法规。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(7)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">地方规章。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(8)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际性文件。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(10)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">法律解释。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>2</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动关系包括哪些特征</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动关系是在社会劳动过程中发生的关系。劳动章提供劳动能力,包括体力劳动能力和脑力劳动能力,劳动使用者提供劳动过程所需要的生产条件和工作条件,双方在直接的劳动过程中发生了劳动关系。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动关系主体双方,一方是劳动者,另一方是劳动使用者</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">或用人单位</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">。劳动关系的主体双方,各自具有独立的经济利益,劳动者提供劳动能力,要求获得相应的报酬和工作条件;经营者为获得经济利益,将要求包括降低人工成本的经济利益。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动关系主体双方在维护各自经济利益的过程中,双方的地位是平等的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动关系主体双方存在管理和被管理关系,即劳动关系建立后,劳动者要依法服从经营者的管理,遵守规章、制度。这种双方之间的从属关系是劳动关系的特点。第二章劳动法的产生和发展</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>3</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动法产生的原因</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">自</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">19</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">世纪初期开始,在一些国家陆续颁布了劳动法规</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">工厂立法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">。这一时</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">'</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">期劳动法产生的原因,有以下几方而的因素:劳动法产生于大工业时期,是</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">人类理性</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">的体现。由于资本主义</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">雇佣自由</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">原则</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">自由放任</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">政策的适用,国家对劳雇关系不干预的结果导致雇主随意降低工资,延长工时,劳工条件不断恶劣下去。一些社会活动家、慈善家等等提出改善劳工条件,限制剥削。这些活动促进了劳动法的产生。劳动法的产生也是资本主义大工业生产的客观要求。随着资本主义机械工业的发展、提高,对生产条件在客观上有一定要求,如在烟雾弥漫的生产车间不可能生产出高质量的产品。为此客观上要求有一定的劳动条件,国家需要通过法律改善某种劳动条件。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法的产生,是因为在资本主义制度的发展过程中,劳工劳动条件不断恶化。每天工人工作时间在</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">14</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">16</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">甚至</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">18</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">小时,工资低,工作条件不能保障人身安全,引起劳工的不满与反抗,劳资矛盾激化,引发社会的不稳定。各国工人阶级为争取自身的生存权利,自发地与资产阶级进行斗争,要求国家立法保护工人,特别是女工和童工。资产阶级国家为协调劳雇双方的利益关系,稳定社会经济秩序,而颁布某些改善劳工条件的法律。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>4</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、初期劳动法特点</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">初期的劳动立法,多数是从改善女工和童工的立法开始。因此为当时女工和童工劳动条件最差,迫使国家颁布这样的法律,容易得到社会的同情与支持。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">初期的劳动立法,适用范:围很小。有的国家法律只限于适用较大的工厂,并未普遍适用。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">初期的劳动立法;虽然法律规定了对某些劳动条件的改善,但一般缺少监督条款、责任条款。虽然规定了限制:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">c|</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">时等内容,但无明确的监督检查机构,赋违法者也缺乏责任的具体规定,因此初期的劳动法,很难真正得到实施。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>5</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、各国劳动立法的趋势如何</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">综观各国劳动立法的历史,由于各国社会制度不同,经济发展阶收不同:劳资双方抗衡力量的变化及国际劳工运动的影响等因素,各国劳动立法的发展进程均有所不同,但从总体上来讲,可以体现以下发展趋势;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">世界各国均已颁布适合本国特点的劳动法律、法规各国制定颁布劳动法的时间及数量虽各有差异,但现在各国已普遍颁布了劳动法。各国劳动法的名称不同,有</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳工法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳资关系法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动标准法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">等等,从不同角度调整劳动关系。劳动法在法律体系中,产生的时代较晚,但是劳动法在各国法律中数量较多。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法适用的范围不断扩大初期的劳动法规,适用范围较小。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">19</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">世纪出现的</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">工厂法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">,只适用于较大的工厂,内容只涉及对女工和童工某种条件的保护。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/></span>

yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:45:00

<span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法已成为完整而系统的法律体系。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">各国劳动法的表现形式虽有差异,但现在各国劳动法律体系已逐步形成,内容完整而系统,几乎包括</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">TN</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">整劳动关系的所用内容。如劳动管理、劳动合作、集体合同、工资报酬、工时、休假、职业安全卫生、女工和未成年人的特殊保护、劳动争议、劳动监督检查等等。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">当代各国劳动法加强了责任条款及处理劳动纠纷的机构初期的劳动法缺少责任条款,法律难以得到真正的实施。现在各国劳动法加强了劳雇双方违反法律、法规应承担的责任。一般依据过错责任原则,分别处理违法者。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">为保障劳动者的最基本权利,各国劳动法一般均规定了各项主要劳动条件的最低标准各国劳动法的发展与完善,与经济发展程度、劳动关系特点、社会制度、劳工运动等因素有关。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">但当代各国劳动法中,一般都制定了主要劳动条件的最低标准,如最低工资标准、最高工时标准、作业环境中有害物质的容许浓度、最低就业年龄等等。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(6)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际劳动立法的发展,对各国劳动法的影响自国际劳工组织成立以来,目前已有一百多个国家加入了该组织,国际劳工组织的立法形式是制定和通过国际劳工公约和国际劳工建议书。第三章国际劳动立法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>6</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、国际劳工组织产生的背景、性质和作用如何</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">在</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">191 9</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年初的巴黎和会上,与会各国一致同意建立由政府、雇主、工人代表参加的国际劳工用,成为劳动立法的重要参考标准,对于推动各国劳动立法趋向协调起着积极作用。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>7</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、国际劳工组织机构</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际劳工组织主要设置三个机构:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际劳工大会。它是国际劳工组织的最高权力机关,每年召开一次大会,主要是通过各项劳动问题的国际公约和建议书,并审查已通过的公约和建议书在各会员国执行的情况。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">理事会。是国际劳工组织的执行机关,在大会闭会期间决定该组织的各项重要问题,每年召开三次。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际劳工局。是国际劳工组织的常设机构,也是大会、理事会及其他会议的秘书处。除上述三个机构外,国际劳工组织还有许多产业性、专门性、地区性的委员会。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>8</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、国际劳动立法的主要形式和内容</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际劳动立法的形式主要包括两大类:一是来源于国际劳工组织的国际劳动立法,包括:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际劳工组织章程。参加国际劳工组织的成员要受该组织章程的约束,每个会员国必须承认和实施章程中规定的原则和条款。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际劳工公约和建议书。这是根据国际劳工组织立法原则以及《费城宣言》而制定的。公约一经会员国批准,就对批准国具有约束力。建议书对会员国没有约束力,只供各国在制定本国有关劳动立法时参考。二是来源于非国际劳工组织的国际劳动立法,如联合国的有关文件,区域性有关文件以及有关双边条约等。国际劳动立法主要表现为国际劳工组织通过的国际劳工公约和建议书,主要内容包括以下几个方面:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">基本权利方面。包括结社自由、废除强迫劳动、机会均等、待遇平等等公约和建议书。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">就业政策方面。包括就业服务、职业培训、就业保障、残疾人就业等公约和建议书。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">工作条件方面。包括劳动者的工资、工时、休息、安全、维护、卫生、福利等有关的公约和建议书。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">社会保障方面。包括各种综合标准,各种劳动津贴等公约和建议书。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">女工、童工、未成年工、老年工人以及特殊工人的劳动保护、劳动福利等公约和建议书。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(6)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动关系方面。包括各种有关劳动关系、集体协议、调解仲裁、企业合作等公约和建议书。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(7)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动管理方面。包括劳动管理、劳动监察、劳动统计、三方协商等公约和建议书。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>9</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、国际劳工公约与国际劳工建议书有何区别</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">国际劳工公约和建议书是国际劳动立法的主要形式,国际劳工大会通过的立法文件,一向采取国际劳工公约和建议书两种形式。一般来说,对同一问题要同时通过一个公约和一个建议书,公约包括关于这一问题的基本的和主要的规定,建议书则包括关于这一问题的具体的和补充的规定,两者有所分工又相互配合。两者相同之处即都是国际劳工组织的立法文件,其制定程序也大体相同。但两者又有明显区别,主要表现在其效力的不同。公约是提交会员国批准的,在会员国批准该公约后,就对其具有约束力,会员国负有必须遵守和执行的义务。对未批准的会员国,虽然尚未产生约束力,但是会员国有义务向劳工局提交为什么尚未批准的报告。而建议上对会员国并没有约束力,只是供会员国制定法律和采取其他措施时参考。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/></span>

yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:46:00

<span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">第四章劳动法的地位、体系、作用及适用范围</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>10</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动法在我国法律体系中的地位如何</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法的地位是指劳动法在我国法律体系中处于何种法律地位的问题,即是否为一个独立的法律部门。法律部门的划分主要取决于调整的社会关系的性质和内容,劳动法主要调整劳动关系,这种关系具有区别于法律所调整的其他社会关系的特有性质,劳动法调整的社会关系的内容也有其特点,它不仅包括经济方面的内容,而且也包括政治方面的内容、文化方面的内容、人身保护方面的内容等。劳动关系的特殊性质和特定内容,使得劳动法成为我国社会主义法律体系中的一个独立部门。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>11</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动法与社会保障法有什么联系与区别</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">与劳动法关系最密切的是社会保障法,这两个法律部门都与保护弱势群体、实现社会公平和社会安定有关,但这两个法律部门调整的社会关系是不同的。社会保障法是调整社会保险、社会救济、社会福利、军人优抚、住房福利等社会关系。社会保障法中的社会保险与劳动法中的社会保险,是两个法律部门中的交叉部分。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>12</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、为什么说劳动法是一个独立的法律部门</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法成为一个独立的法律部门,是自</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">19</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">世纪初大工业生产以后,由于国家对雇佣关系的干预,从传统民法中独立出来,成为一个独立的法律部门。它作为独立的法律部门的理由是:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">有特定的调整对象。劳动法主要调整的劳动关系,是其他法律部门无法包容的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法有特定的主体。劳动法中的劳动者与劳动使用者之问的主体关系是劳动法的重要特点,双方均有特定的主体资格。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法有独立的内容体系。劳动法内容包括了劳动就业、劳动合同与集体合同、工资保障、工时休假、职业安全卫生、社会保险、工会、劳动争议处理等内容,劳动法完整而系统的内容体系也是其他法律部门不能包容的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>13</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动法体系中包括哪些重要的法律</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动管理法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">--</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动管理机构设置及其职权</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动就业法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动关系协调法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同;集体协商;集体合同</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)&nbsp; &nbsp; (4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动标准法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">工资法;工时休假法;职业安全卫生法;女工、未成年工特殊保障法;职业训练与职业资格标准法;职工训练与职业资格标准法;职工奖惩规则</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)<br/>(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">社会保险法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">生育保险法;养老保险法;失业保险法;工伤保险法;医疗保险法;遗嘱津贴</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)<br/>(6)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">处理劳动争议程序法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动争议;集体协商争议:行政调解程序;集体合同争议</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)<br/>(7)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动检查监督法</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">监督检查机构;监督检查职权</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)&nbsp; &nbsp;<br/>(8)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">工会的法律保障</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">结社权;协商权;参与权;监督权</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)<br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/></span>

yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:46:00

<span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">第五章劳动法的基本原则与劳动者的权利义务</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>14</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动法的基本原则,</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">是指包含在整个劳动法体系之中,集中体现劳动法的本质和基本精神,贯穿于各项劳动法律制度之中,贯穿于劳动法的立法、执法、司法的全过程的总的指导思想和根本准则。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法基本原则的法律渊源是宪法。劳动法基本原则是根据宪法原则确定的,它是劳动法区别于其他部门法所特有的原则。劳动法的基本原则又不同于劳动法的具体原则,前者在效力层次上比后者高。劳动法基本原则在劳动法范围内具有普遍的指导意义,是劳动法法典和其他单行劳动法规必须共同遵守的基本准则;而劳动法的具体原则仅适用于劳动法的某个方面</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">如劳动就业、劳动报酬、劳动保护、社会保险等</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">,它必须符合劳动法的基本原则。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>15</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动法基本原则有什么作用</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法基本原则指导着各项劳动法律法规的立、改、废,有助于劳动法制的统一、协调和稳定。只有在劳动法基本原则的统一指导下,立法者才能根据社会经济发展的需要及时制定新的劳动法律法规,修改和废除不适应实际需要的劳动法律法规,从而使各种劳动关系得到及时调整,并使劳动法律体系协调、稳定地发展。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法基本原则有助于理解和解释劳动法律法规,解决各具体劳动法律制度之间的矛盾。各种具体劳动法律制度的运行是建立在各项法律法规的具体实施基础上的,由于立法时间和立法重点的不同,各项法律法规之间难免存在一定的矛盾和冲突,这些矛盾和冲突的解决需要在劳动法基本原则的指导下进行。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法基本原则可以弥补劳动立法具体规定的不足,用于解决某些实际问题。社会经济的发展速度往往超前于具体法律规范的制定,因此,在劳动立法与现实生活之间总会存在一定的差距。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">由于劳动法基本原则具有抽象性和概括性,因而具有相对的灵活性,在缺乏具体法律规定的情况下,可以运用劳动法基本原则对某些劳动问题做出解释,从而解决实际存在的而法律又未明文规定的实际问题。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>16</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、如何理解劳动法的劳动权利义务相统一原则</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">我国《宪法》第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">42</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">条规定:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">中华人民共和国公民有劳动的权利和义务。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">这一规定被确立为劳动法的一项基本原则。它表明,有劳动能力的公民从事劳动,既是行使法律赋予的权利,又是履行对国家和社会所承担的义务。每一个有劳动能力的公民都有从事劳动的平等权利,即享有劳动权利。所谓劳动权,指的是公民按照法律的规定,享有平等的就业机会权和职业选择权。劳动权是关系到公民的生活保障,关系到劳动者聪明才智的发挥,以及社会经济发展和社会稳定的一个重大问题。公民只要有劳动能力,不论性别、民族、财产状况等的不同,都有权参加劳动并获得劳动报酬;有权依法选择符合自己特点的职业和用人单位;有权利用国家、社会提供的各种机会参加不同的培训,以提高自己的劳动技能。劳动既是公民的权利,也是公民的义务。我国宪法明文规定,劳动是一切有劳动能力的公民的光荣职责。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>17</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">如何理解劳动法保护劳动者合法权益原则中对劳动者权益的全面保护和平等保护</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">这一基本原则体现在我国《宪法》第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">2</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">章</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">公民的权利和义务</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">的一系列规定中,而《中华人民共和国劳动法》更是在第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">条就明确了</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">保护劳动者的合法权益</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">的宗旨。在我国,要保护劳动者合法权益,应当通过一系列具体措施落实宪法中的规定,使劳动者的合法权益得到全面、平等保护。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">所谓全面保护,是指劳动者的合法权益,无论是财产权益还是人身权益,无论是法定权益还是约定权益,涉及经济、政治、文化等方面的权益,都应该得到保护。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">所谓平等保护,指的是全体劳动者的合法权益都要平等地受到劳动法的保护。首先,对各种劳动者平等保护。对于不同性别、民族、种族、职业、职务的劳动者,他们在劳动法上的法律地位一律平等,禁止对劳动者有任何歧视。其次,还应该注意对特殊群体的特殊保护。对于特殊劳动者群体</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">如妇女、未成年人、残疾人、少数民族劳动者等</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">,除了要给予他们劳动法的一般保护之外,还应该对他们的特殊利益给予特殊的保护。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">第六章劳动法律关系</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>18</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系的含义和特点是什么</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系,是指劳动法律规范在调整劳动关系过程中形成的法律上的劳动权利和劳动义务关系。劳动法律关系是劳动关系在法律上的表现,是当事人之间发生的符合劳动法律规范、具有权利义务内容的社会关系。劳动法律关系是一种权利义务关系,企业、事业单位、国家机关、社会团体、个体经济组织与职工之间根据劳动法各自享有法律上的权利与义务。劳动法律关系的特征如下:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系主体双方具有平等性和隶属性。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系具有以国家意志为主导、当事人意志为主体的特征。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系是在社会劳动中形成和实现的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span>

yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:47:00

<p class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 18pt; TEXT-INDENT: -18pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list 18.0pt;"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman';"><span style="mso-list: Ignore;">1、<span style="FONT: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;">19</span></font><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动法律关系与劳动关系联系与区别</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系与劳动关系既有联系又有区别。就联系方面而言,人们总是依据客观存在的劳动关系,制定劳动法律规范,从而形成劳动法律关系;劳动关系发展变化了,要求劳动法律规范做相应调整,于是劳动法律关系也会随之变化。劳动关系是劳动法律关系存在的基础。实际生活中不存在的劳动关系,不可能制定法律规范,也不可能形成劳动法律关系。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">它们之间的区别体现在:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(1)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">两者所属的范畴不同。劳动关系是一种社会物质关系,属于经济基础的范畴,因为一定的劳动关系最直接地联系着一定的生产关系,是生产关系的组成部分;而劳动法律关系则是一种思想关系,属于上层建筑的范畴,它依据国家制定的劳动法律而形成,体现了国家的意志。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(2)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">两者产生的前提不同。劳动关系是在劳动过程中发生的,有共同劳动存在就会有劳动关系的存在;劳动法律关系则是被劳动法律规范所调整的劳动关系,所以它的形成必须以劳动法律规范的存在为前提。每一种具体的劳动关系之所以成为劳动法律关系,正是因为有规定和调整这种劳动关系的劳动法律规范存在。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(3)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">两者的内容不同。劳动关系是以劳动为内容的,当国家没有制定相应的劳动法律规范时,这种关系因不具有法律上的权利义务关系,也就不具有国家强制力。这时,双方当事人的利益缺少有效的保护和保障。劳动法律关系是以法定的权利和义务为内容的,任何一个劳动法律关系的参加者,都是作为权利的享有者和义务的承担者出现的,同时受到国家法律的保护。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/><font face="Times New Roman">20</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动法律关系的要素特点</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系的要素,是指构成各种劳动法律关系不可缺少的组成部分。任何一种劳动法律关系,都是由劳动法律关系主体、劳动法律关系客体和劳动法律关系内容这三个基本要素构成的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">如果缺少其中任何一个要素,就不能形成劳动法律关系。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系是指在实现社会劳动过程中依照劳动法律规范享有权利并承担义务的当事人。它是劳动法律关系的参加者,具有特定性。劳动法律关系主体,一方是劳动者,另一方是用人单位。劳动法律关系主体依法享有权利并且承担义务,是权利的行使者,义务的承担者。劳动者作为劳动法律关系主体必须具有劳动权利能力和劳动行为能力。在我国,劳动者享有的劳动权利能力和劳动行为能力具有以下特征:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(1)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动者的劳动权利能力和劳动行为能力是统一的,不可分割的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(2)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动权利能力和劳动行为能力必须由劳动者本人实现,不能由他人代替。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(3)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">某些劳动者的劳动权利能力和劳动行为能力受到一定的限制。用人单位作为劳动法律关系主体也必须具备一定的条件,即具备用人的资格和能力;用人单位的行为能力是指用人单位依法行使招收录用劳动者、变更和解除及终止劳动关系的能力。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系内容是指劳动法律关系主体双方依法享有的权利和承担的义务。劳动法律关系内容的特点是:劳动法律关系主体的权利与义务具有统一性和相对性。劳动法律关系主体的权利与义务是相辅相成、密切相连的,存在于同一劳动法律关系之中、是统一、不可分割的整体。没有只享受权利而不承担义务的主体,也没有只承担义务而不享受权利的主体。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动法律关系的客体是指劳动法律关系主体双方的权利义务所共同指向的对象。主体双方的权利义务必须共同指向同一对象才能形成劳动法律关系。在我国,劳动法律关系的客体具有单一性的特点,即劳动法律关系的客体只能足劳动者的劳动行为。劳动者在实现社会劳动过程中的劳动行为,可分为完成一定工作成果的行为和提供一定劳务活动的行为。完成一定工作成果的行为又分刀产生物质形态工作成果的行为和产生非物质形态智力成果的行为。提供一定劳务活动的行为是指不产生新的实物形态的活动。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/><font face="Times New Roman">21</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动者作为劳动法律关系主体所享有的权利义务</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/><font face="Times New Roman">(1)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">同用人单位依法变更、解除、终止劳动合同的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(2)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">职工推举代表或者工会代表职工同企业签订集体合同的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(3)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">按照自己劳动的数量和质量领取劳动报酬的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(4)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">休息休假的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(5)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">获得劳动安全卫生保护的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(6)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">女职工和未成年工获得特殊劳动保护的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(7)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">接受职业技能培训的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(8)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">享受社会保险和福利的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(9)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">组织工会和参加企业民主管理的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(10)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">提请劳动争议处理的权利;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(11)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">法律规定的其他劳动权利。劳动者应当承担的义务有:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(1)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">按时、保庾、保量地完成生产任务或工作任务;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(2)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">提高职业技能水平;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(3)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">执行劳动安全卫生规程;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(4)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">遵守劳动纪律和职业道德;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(5)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">爱护和保护公共财产;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><font face="Times New Roman">(6)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">保守国家机密和单位业务机密;等等。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">第七章劳动就业</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/><font face="Times New Roman">22</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动就业特征</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/><font face="Times New Roman">(1)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动就业的主体具有特定性。劳动就业的主体必须是具有劳动权利能力和劳动行为能力的公民。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/><font face="Times New Roman">(2)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动就业必须是出自公民的自愿,即公民在主观上必须具有求职的愿望。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/><font face="Times New Roman">(3)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动就业必须是一种能够为社会创造财富或有益于社会的劳动,即劳动就业要求劳动者必须从事法律允许的有益于社会的社会劳动,这是劳动者的劳动是否得到社会承认和法律保护的客观依据。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><br/><font face="Times New Roman">(4)</font></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动就业必须使劳动者能够获得一定的劳动报酬或经营收入。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt;"><p></p></span></p>

yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:47:00

<span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">23</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、什么是市场导向型劳动就业制度模式</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">随着社会主义市场经济体制的确立,我国逐渐形成了以市场为导向的新型劳动就业制度模式,即完善劳动力市场,实行职业介绍机构介绍就业、自愿组织起来就业和自谋职业相结合的方针指导下的新的就业制度模式。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">设立职业介绍机构应具备以下条件:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">有明确的业务范围、机构章程和管理制度;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">有开展业务必备的固定场所、办公设施和一定数量的开办资金;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">有一定数量具备相应职业资格的专职工作人员;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">法律、法规规定的其他条件。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>24</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、职业介绍机构可以从事的业务包括</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">:为求职者介绍用人单位;为用人单位和居民家庭推荐求职者;开展职业指导、咨询服务;收集和发布职业供求信息;根据国家有关规定,从事互联网职业信息服务;经劳动保障行政部门批准,组织职业招聘洽谈会;具备相应资格的,从事劳动力跨省流动就业中介服务;经劳动保障行政部门核准的其他服务项目。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>25</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、境外就业中介机构设立的条件</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">符合企业法人设立的条件</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">具有法律、外语、财会专业资格的专职工作人员,有健全的工作制度和工作人员守则</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">备用金不低于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">50</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">万元;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">法律、行政法规规定的其他条件。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>26</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动就业服务的内容</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动就业服务的主要内容包括以下几个方面:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">失业登记。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">职业指导,</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">职业介绍,(</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">就业训练。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">失业保障。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(6)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">生产自救。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>27</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、残疾人就业保障包括哪些内容</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">就业方针。国家对残疾人的就业,采取集中与分散相结合,鼓励自谋职业的方针,即通过举办各种形式的残疾人福利企业,集中安排残疾人就业</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">}</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">各机关团体、企事业组织、城乡集体经济组织,结合各自的特点,应当安排一定比例的残疾人就业,并为其选择适当的工种和岗位;同时,鼓励残疾人根据自身的职业能力情况自谋职业。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">优惠政策。国家对残疾人就业采取优惠的就业政策。国家对残疾人福利性企业组织和城乡残疾人个体劳动者,实行税收减免政策,并在生产经营、技术、资金、物资、场地等方面给予扶持;地方人民政府和有关部门应当确定适合残疾人生产的产品,优先安排残疾人福利企业生产,并逐步确定某些产品由残疾人福利企业生产;对于申请从事个体工商业的残疾人,有关部门应当优先核发营业执照,并在场地、信贷等方面给予照顾;对于从事各类生产劳动的农村残疾人,有关部门应当优先在生产服务、技术指导、农用物资供应、农副产品收购和信贷等方面给予帮助。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">保护措施。国家保护残疾人福利性企业事业组织的合法权益;在职工的招用、聘用、转正、晋级、职称评定、劳动报酬、生活福利等方面不应受到任何歧视;对于国家分配的高等学校、中专学校、技工学校的有残疾的毕业生,有关单位不得因其有残疾而拒绝接收。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">机关、团体、企业事业单位和城乡集体经济组织安排残疾人就业达不到一定比例的,要缴纳残疾人保障金。残疾人保障金专项用于下列开支:奖励超比例安置残疾人就业的单位及为安排残疾人就业做出显著成绩的单位</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">}</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">补贴残疾人职业培洲费用</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">}</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">有偿扶持残疾人集体从业、个体经营;经同级财政部门批准,适当补助残疾人劳动服务机构经费开支;经同级财政部门批准,直接用于残疾人就业工作的其他开支。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>28</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、解决农村剩余劳动力就业问题的根本途径是什么</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">按照城乡统筹就业的原则,逐步建立统一、开放、竞争、有序、城乡一体化的劳动力市场,大力推进城市化进程。当前,可采取的途径主要为:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">在农业内部挖潜,在搞好种植业的同时,发展林业、畜牧业、水产业,向深度开发;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">发展乡镇企业和农村第三产业,就地就近向非农产业转移;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">发展小城镇,吸纳农村剩余劳动力;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">引导一部分农村劳动力按需有序异地就业,以满足城市经济发展的需要。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/></span>

yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:48:00

<span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">29</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、下岗职工,</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">是指由于用人单位的生产和经营状况等原因,已经离开本人的生产或工作岗位,并已不在本单位从事其他任何工作,在社会上没有再就业,但仍与用人单位保留劳动关系的职工。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>30</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、下岗职工要满足以下条件:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">由于用人单位的生产和经营状况等原因而下岗。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">离开本人的生产或工作岗位,并已不在本单位从事其他任何工作。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">在社会上没有再就业,但仍与用人单位保留劳动关系。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>31</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、下岗职工与失业人员区别</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">失业人员,是指在</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">16</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">周岁以上,有劳动能力,在调查期间未从事有酬劳动,当前有就业可能并以某种方式正在寻找工作的人员。职工下岗后普遍有三种情况,一是下岗人员已通过各种渠道实现了再就业;二是下岗人员正通过各种形式积极寻找工作;三是下岗人员没有寻找工作的行动。下岗职工中的第二种情况即正在寻找工作的人员我们可以称之为失业人员。下岗与失业的关系为,下岗不一定失业,失业人员中包含了下岗职工。根据我国有关政策规定,下岗职工与失业人员的根本区别在于下岗职工和企业还存在着劳动关系,下岗职工要进入再就业服务中心,并与之签订</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">基本生活保障和再就业协议</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">,明确双方的责任、权利和义务,并借此变更劳动合同,替代原劳动合同中的相关内容。协议期限原则上不超过</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">3</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年。而失业人员与企业已无任何关系。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">依据我国有关下岗职工的政策规定,下岗职工与原单位保持劳动关系的期限为</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">3</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年,</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">3</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年后应与原单位脱离劳动关系,如果未能再就业,将按失业保险机制解决相关问题。因此下岗职工再就业政策问题只是一定历史时期的特殊政策。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>32</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、第八章劳动合同</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同亦称劳动契约、劳动协议,一些国家雇用</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">佣</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">合同,是指劳动者与用人单位之间为确立劳动关系,依法协商就双方权利和义务达成的协议。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>33</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动合同的特征</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同作为契约的一种,除了具有普通合同的一般特征外,还具有以下法律特征:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同主体具有特定性</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">我国《劳动法》明确规定劳动合同的主体一方是劳动者,另一方是用人单位。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同内容具有权利义务的统一性和对应性</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">双方在实现社会劳动过程中形成了支配与被支配,领导与服从的职责上的从属关系。这种职责上的从属关系,使得劳动合同双方当事人既是权利主体,也是义务主体,反映在劳动合同的内容上就具有了权利义务的统一性和对应性的特征。即劳动者的权利就是用人单位的义务,而劳动者的义务则是用人单位的权利。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合州具有双务、有偿、诺成合同的特性</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">双务性表现为:劳动合同主体双方都负有义务,即劳动者有完成工作任务,并遵守所在单位的内部劳动规则和他规章制度的义务;用人单位有支付劳动报酬、提供安全卫生的劳动条件和社会保险、福利待遇及其他保护性条件等义务。有偿性表现为:劳动合同主体双方履行义务都有特定的物质性回报,即劳动者以提供劳动为条件获得工资收入和其他待遇;用人单位则以支付工资报酬等为条件获取对劳动力资源的利用,从而获得相应的劳动成果。诺成性表现为:劳动合同只需主体双方意思表示一致即可成立,除法律对某些劳动合同有特殊要求外,不需要有实际的行为要件。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同往往涉及第三人的物质利益关系这一特征是由劳动力本身再生产的特点决定的。劳动者因享有社会保险和福利待遇的权利而附带产生了劳动者的直系亲属依法享有一定的物质帮助权。如若劳动者因生育、年老、患病、工伤、残废、死亡等原因,部分或全部、暂时或永久地丧失劳动能力时,用人单位不仅要对劳动者本人给予一定的物质帮助,而且对劳动者所供养的直系亲属也要给予一定的物质帮助。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/></span>

yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:49:00

<span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">34</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动合同订立的原则</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">平等自愿原则</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">所谓平等,是指劳动者和用人单位的法律地位平等,即当事人双方应以平等的身份订立劳动合同,这是订立劳动合同的基础和基本条件。所谓自愿,是指劳动合同的订立,应完全出于合同当事人的意愿,任何一方都不得以地位、权势、经济实力等因素或采取欺诈、威胁的手段把自己的意志强加于对方,第三人也不得干涉劳动合同的订立。对于双方当事人来说,平等是自愿的前提,自愿是平等的体现,因而二者是不可分割的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">协商一致原则</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">协商一致,是指劳动合同的双方当事人在充分表达自己意思的基础上,对合同条款进行协商,并对相互的权利义务达成一致意见,签订劳动合同。只有通过协商一致,才能真正体现平等自愿。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">不得违反法律、行政法规的原则不得违反法律、行政法规的原则,亦称合法原则,它是劳动合同得以有效的前提条件。这一原则的具体要求是:第一,劳动合同的主体必须合法。也就是说,劳动合同的主体双方要有权利能力和行为能力。用人单位作为劳动合同的一方当事人,必须是依法成立并能够以单位的名义与劳动者签订劳动合同;劳动者成为劳动合同的当事人</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">除法律特别规定者外</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">必须年满</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">16</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">周岁和具有劳动行为能力。第二,劳动合同的内容必须合法。劳动合同的双方当事人在确定具体的劳动权利义务时,不得违背国家有关法律、法规的规定。如有的劳动合同规定:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">发生工伤事故,单位概不负责</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">,</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动者个人自行选择是否参加养老、医疗和失业保险</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">"</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">,等等,均属于内容违法因而无效的条款,对此,用人单位应承担由此而产生的法律责任。第三,劳动合同的订立程序必须合法。我国《劳动法》虽然没有对劳动合同的签订程序做出明确规定,但并不排斥有关法律、法规对劳动合同签订程序的法律要求。如有些行政法规,除了要求当事人通过要约、承诺签订书面合同并签字盖章外,还规定由劳动行政主管部门的劳动合同管理机构进行鉴证,方能生效。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>35</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动合同法定条款包括哪</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">7</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">项法定条款。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同的期限</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同期限,是指劳动合同的起始和终止的时间,即劳动合同规定的双方当事人权利、义务关系有效期间。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">工作内容</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动保护和劳动条件</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动报酬</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动纪律</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(6)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">合同终止条件</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(7)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">违反劳动合同的责任</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>36</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动合同的约定条款</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">试用期</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">保密事项</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">当事人协商约定的其他事项</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>37</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、劳动合同履行包括哪些原则</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">实际履行原则。劳动合同实际履行包括两层含义:一是双方当事人都必须亲自履行合同义务,而不能由第三人代替履行,这是由劳动合同主体的劳动权利能力和劳动行为的不可分割性决定的,劳动合同是在双方当事人相互考察并取得信任的基础上签订的。二是要求劳动者按合同规定的工作岗位和工作任务完成劳动过程,从而使劳动力与生产资料的结合成为最佳状态。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">全面履行原则。劳动合同履行原则,是指劳动合同的当事人按照合同规定和要求全面履行合同义务。这一原则要求劳动者一方按照法律与合同规定的时间、地点和方式,保质保量地完成劳动任务;要求用人单位全面按照法律和合同规定,向劳动者提供劳动保护条件、劳动条件及劳动报酬和福利待遇等。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">合作履行原则。劳动合同合作履行原则,要求双方当事人在履行劳动合同过程中相互配合、友好合作,并在遇到困难时相互理解和帮助。集体劳动客观上要求劳动者遵守劳动纪律,服从管理和指挥;同时,用人单位的领导者、管理者也必须关心职工,考虑职工切身利益方面的要求。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>38</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、经济性裁员的涵义和程序</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">根据《劳动法》第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">27</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">条规定,用人单位因发生下列法定情况之一,需要裁减人员而引起劳动合同的解除:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">用人单位濒临破产进行法定整顿期间;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">用人单位生产经营状况发生严重困难。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">用人单位出现上述情况之一,确需裁减人员的,应当提前</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">30</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">日向工会或者全体职工说明情况,听取工会或者职工的意见,并向劳动行政部门报告。裁减人员的程序:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">提前</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">30</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">日向工会或者全体职工说明情况,并提供有关生产经营状况的资料;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">提出裁减人员方案,内容包括被裁减人员名单,裁减时间及实施步骤,对符合法律、法规规定和集体合同约定的被裁减人员的经济补偿办法;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">将裁减人员方案征求工会或者全体职工的意见,并对方案进行修改和完善;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">向当地劳动行政部门报告裁减人员方案征求工会或者全体职工的意见,并听取劳动行政部门的意见;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">由用人单位正式公布裁减人员方案,与被裁减人员办理解除劳动合同手续,按照有关规定向被裁减人员支付经济补偿金,出具裁减人员证明书。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/></span>

yzdayxp 发表于 2006-5-5 14:49:00

<span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">39</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、哪些情形下劳功合同终止</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同期限届满;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">当事人约定的劳动合同终止条件出现;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">用人单位依法破产、解散或者被撤销的;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动者退休、退职的;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动者死亡或者被人民法院宣告失踪、死亡的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>40</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、用人单位过错性辞退劳动者情形有</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">在试用期间被证明不符合录用条件的;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">严重违反劳动纪律或者用人单位规章制度的;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">严重失职、营私舞弊,对用人单位利益造成重大损害的;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">被依法追究刑事责任的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">上述四种情况,除试用期内不符合录用条件者外,均属于劳动者实施了严重的违纪、违法行为。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>41</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、用人单位非过错性辞退情形</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/></span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">用人单位在劳动者有下列情况之一时,有权解除劳动合同,但须提前</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">30</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">日以书面形式通知劳动者本人:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动者患病或者非因工伤负伤,医疗期满后,不能从事原工作也不能从事由用人单位另行安排的工作的;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动者不能胜任工作,经过培训或者调整工作岗位,仍不能胜任工作的;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同订立时所依据的客观情况发生重大变化,致使原劳动合同无法履行,经当事人协商不能就变更劳动合同达成协议的。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>42</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">、解除劳动合同的经济补偿标准:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(1)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">经双方当事人协商一致,由用人单位解除.劳动合同的,用人单位应根据劳动者在本单位工作年限,每满</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年发给相当于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">个月工资的经济补偿金,最多不超过</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">12</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">个月。工作时间不满</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年的按</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年的标准发给经济补偿金。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(2)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动者患病或者非因工负伤,经劳动鉴定委员会确认不能从事原工作,也不能从事用人单位另行安排的工作而解除劳动合同的,用人单位应按其在本单位的工作年限,每满</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年发给相当于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">个月工资的经济补偿金,同时还应发给不低于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">6</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">个月工资的医疗补助费。患重病和绝症的,还应增加医疗补助费。患重病的增加部分不低于医疗补助费的</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">50</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">%;患绝症的增加部分不低于医疗补助费的</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">100</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">%。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(3)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动者不能胜任工作,经过培训或者调整工作岗位仍不能胜任工作,由用人单位解除劳动合同的,用人单位应按其在本单位工作的年限,工作时间每满</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年,发给相当于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">个月工资的经济补偿金,最多不超过</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">12</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">个月。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br/>(4)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">劳动合同订立时所依据的客观情况发生重大变化,致使原劳动合同无法履行,经当事人协商不能就变更劳动合同达成协议,由用人单位解除劳动合同的,用人单位按劳动者在本单位工作年限、工作时间,每满</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年发给相当于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">个月工资的经济补偿金。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">(5)</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">用人单位濒</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">l</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">临破产进行法定整顿期间,或者生产经营状况发生严重困难,必须裁减人员的,由用人单位按被裁减人员在本单位工作的年限支付经济补偿金。在本单位工作的时间每满</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">年,发给相当于</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">1</span><span style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman';">个月工资的经济补偿金。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/><br style="mso-special-character: line-break;"/></span>

ahoo 发表于 2006-5-7 05:13:00

辛苦了!多谢啦!
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查看完整版本: [推荐]劳动法笔记1